What is antibiotic resistance?
Antibiotic resistance is resistance of a sickness-causing organism to a medicine to which it was previously weakened by. Resistant organisms (they include bacteria, viruses and some parasites) are able to withstand attack by medicines, so that standard treatments become ineffective and infections persist and may spread to others.
Why is antibiotic resistance a global concern?
Infections caused by resistant organisms often fail to respond to the standard treatment, resulting in prolonged illness and greater risk of death.
How it hampers the control of infectious diseases
Antibiotic resistance reduces the effectiveness of treatment because patients remain infectious for longer, thus potentially spreading resistant organisms to others.
It increases the costs of health care
When infections become resistant to first-line medicines, more expensive therapies must be used. The longer duration of illness and treatment, often in hospitals, increases health-care costs and the financial burden to families.
What drives antibiotic resistance?
Inappropriate and unnecessary use of medicines provides favorable conditions for resistant organisms to emerge and spread. For example, when patients do not take the full course of a prescribed medication or when poor quality medicines are used, resistant organisms can emerge, spread and become stronger.
So please remember to only take antibiotics when absolutely necessary, try natural remedies for simple ailments like a runny nose or common cold. If antibiotics are required, remember to only take the recommended amount and always finish the full course of medicine.